India’s Forest Products Industry Outlook 2013

A comprehensive review and analysis of India's forest product industry and wood fiber deficit over a ten year forecast period (to 2021).


2013 India's Forest Products Industry Outlook

Study Highlights:

  • 10-year historical data on imports of softwood and hardwood logs, softwood and hardwood lumber, wood panels, wood furniture, pulp, recovered fiber, printing & writing paper, newsprint, tissue, containerboard and boxboard
  • Details on overseas sources of key forest products for India
  • Constraints on timber availability
  • Profile of plantation forestry development in India
  • Analysis of India’s infrastructure limitations, and developments in ports, roads and energy production
  • Comparison of India and China’s forest resources, energy and demographic trends and trade in forest products
  • Profile and analysis of India’s forest products industry and market trends, including major companies
  • Forecast of India’s wood fiber deficit to 2021, including forecast of imports of logs (softwood, teak and other hardwood), lumber (softwood and hardwood), wood panels and pulp and paper

Over the last ten years India’s trade deficit in forest products has soared from US$1.0 billion in 2001 to more than $5 billion in 2011. Due to the scarcity of domestic timber resources and rapidly growing demand, log imports in India have doubled since 2006 in order to meet the country’s growing appetite for wood products. India’s per capita consumption of paper and paperboard is less than 10kg (compared with 72kg/capita in China), but demand has been growing rapidly and consumption of recovered paper, wood pulp and non-wood pulp have nearly doubled over the past decade.

2013 India’s Forest Products Industry Outlook provides a unique analysis of the potential development of the world’s next substantial wood fiber import market (after China), based on domestic resource availability and the demographic and economic trends driving demand.

This study evaluates the farm forestry programs being launched in India (primarily by the paper companies), and the strategies being explored by this sector to meet increasing demand growth. The study includes 10-year historical data on India’s forest products trade, and forecasts imports of logs, lumber and pulp and paper products through 2021.

India: Imports of Paper and Paperboard by Source, January-September 2012
Percent by Volume

India: Imports of Paper and Paperboard by Source, January-September 2012

Which are the major suppliers of paper products to India?

It is expected that India’s growth trajectory of imports will not follow China’s explosive patterns, yet will still be one of the most important trends in global timber demand as India’s increasing need for imported wood fiber is expected to be sustained for several decades. This study explores the similarities and differences between the economic development and forest industry evolution of India and China over the last five years.

2013 India’s Forest Products Industry Outlook is an essential tool for understanding the path of development of India’s forest industry, and the outlook for investment and imports of wood products, pulp, and paper.

India’s Working-Age Population Will Close Gap With China’s

UN Medium-Variant Population Projection of Persons Aged 15-64, Millions

India's Working-Age Population Will Close Gap With China's

By 2030, India’s working age population will be 8% larger than China’s

Table of Contents

I. Executive Summary

II. Macroeconomic Outlook for India

III. India: The “Next China”?

  • Demographic and economic profiles
  • Energy, infrastructure and housing
  • Forest resources
  • Forest products trade and timber supply deficits

IV. Forest Resources

  • Introduction: Forests and “Trees Outside Forest”
  • National Forest Inventory
  • Forest cover, growing stock and species mix
  • Key species: eucalyptus, poplar, teak, bamboo, other fast-growing hardwood
  • Government programs to stimulate tree planting
  • Farm Forestry Programs by private companies
  • Illegal logging and certification
  • Timber harvest potential

V. Forest Products Production

  • Wood Products
    • i. lumber
    • ii. Wood Panels
    • iii. Furniture
  • Pulp and Paper
    • i. Raw materials: Recovered paper, wood pulp and non-wood pulp
    • ii. Paper: newsprint, printing & writing and tissue
    • iii. Paperboard: Containerboard and boxboard

VI. Forest Products Trade

  • Overview of forest products imports and exports
  • Import duties in India
  • Wood products
    • i. Softwood logs and lumber
    • ii. Hardwood logs and lumber, focus on teak
    • iii. Wood panels: veneer, plywood, MDF and particleboard
    • iv. Secondary wood products and furniture
  • Pulp and paper
    • i. Woodchips and recovered paper
    • ii. Wood pulp
    • iii. Paper and paperboard
    • iv. Wood fiber deficit

VII. Outlook for Forest Products Supply and Demand

  • Challenges to development of forest products imports
    • i. Infrastructure
    • ii. Bureaucracy and government regulations
    • iii. Foreign Direct Investment
  • Forecast of softwood log and lumber imports to 2021
  • Forecast of teak and other hardwood log imports to 2021
  • Forecast of Paper and Paperboard production and imports to 2021
  • Fiber furnish forecast to 2021
    • i. Recovered paper
    • ii. Wood pulp
    • iii. Non-wood pulp
  • Forecast of India’s wood fiber deficit, 2012-2021

VIII. Appendix I. Tables

IX. Appendix II. Profile of company Farm Forestry Programs

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